Dr. Karl E. Taylor

Program for Climate Model Diagnosis 
  and Intercomparison (PCMDI)

P.O. Box 808, L-264
Livermore, CA 94551-0808 

Tel: 925-423-3623
Fax: 925-422-7675
email: taylor13@llnl.gov

Research Interests

Theoretical studies of climate and atmospheric circulation including climate modeling (GCM's, coupled atmosphere/ocean models, and simplified models), climate change (caused, for example, by changes in atmospheric CO2 and anthropogenic and volcanic aerosols), detection of climate change, paleoclimate (and Milankovitch forcing of climate change), climate sensitivity and processes, unintended consequences of geoengineering, numerical methods, and metrics for gauging model performance.

Education

Ph.D., 1978, Geology and Geophysics, Yale University

M.Ph., 1974, Geology and Geophysics, Yale University

B.A.,  1971, Physics (cum laude), Pomona College

Professional  Leadership & Recognition

Associate Editor, Journal of Geophysical Research (Atmospheres) 1984-1988.

Member, National Research Council Climate Research Committee, 1995-1998, and Panel on Climate Observing Systems' Status, 1998.

1998 winner (shared as a co-author) of the “Norbert Gerbier – MUMM Award”, given annually by the World Meteorological Organization for our paper entitled “Search for human influences on the thermal structure of the atmosphere,” by Santer, Taylor, et al., Nature, 382, 39-46, 1996.

1998 winner (shared as a co-author) of the “ERL Outstanding Scientific Paper Award”, given by NOAA Environmental Research Laboratories.

Member, NOAA CLIVAR/PAGES Working Group, an advisory group to NOAA's Office of Global Programs (OGP), 2000-2003.

Co-Chair, NCAR Community Climate System Model (CCSM) Climate Change and Assessment Working Group, 2000-2003.

Lead Author, IPCC Working Group I Fourth Assessment Report, Chapter 8: “Climate Models and their Evaluation”, and Contributing Author to Chapters 1 and 10, 2004-2006.  For its four assessments reports, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) shared (with Al Gore) the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize.

Co-winner (as part of a team) of an LLNL Science and Technology Award in recognition of “key contributions to the Scientific Assessment Reports of the IPCC,” 2008.

Co-author of two articles cited by a National Science Digital Library Project as among the twenty “classics” (1824-1995) that have contributed in key ways to our understanding of  climate change, 2008.

Co-coordinator, PMIP (Paleoclimate Modeling Intercomparison Project), 1993-2002; Scientific Steering Committee, 2002-present.

Co-author and developer of the netCDF Climate and Forecast (CF) Metadata Convention (2000-2005); chair, CF "Standards Committee" (2006-present); chair, CF Governance Panel (2006-present).

Chair, Metrics Panel, established by the WCRP Working Group on Numerical Experimentation (2005-2009); also panel member, 2009-present.

Member, Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) Panel and ex-officio member of WCRP's Working Group on Coupled Modelling (WGCM) to which the panel reports, 2008-present.

Representative from the Working Group on Coupled Modelling (WGCM) to the WCRP Observation and Assimilation Panel (WOAP), 2009-2011.

Co-winner of an American Meteorological Society Special Group Award "For leadership in implementing, maintaining, and facilitating access to the CMIP3 multi-model dataset archive, which led to a new era in climate system analysis and understanding," 2010.

Ex-Officio Member, IPCC Task Group on Data and Scenario Support for Impact and Climate Analysis (TGICA), 2009-present. 

Co-Chair, NCAR Community Earth System Model (CESM) Climate Variability and Change Working Group, 2010-2012.

Review Editor, Working Group 1 Chapter 12 ("Long-term climate change: Projections, Commitments and Irreversibility") of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report (IPCC AR5), 2010-2013.

Member, WGCM-WGSIP Decadal Climate Prediction Panel (DCPP), 2010-present.

Member, Earth System Documentation (ES-DOC) Steering Committee, 2012-present.

Member, of the WDAC obs4MIPs Task Team, 2013-present.

Co-chair of the WGCM Infrastructure Panel (WIP), 2014-present.

 

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Taylor, K.E., "The influence of subsurface energy storage on seasonal temperature variation,"J. Appl Meteor., 15, 1129-1138, 1976.

Taylor, K.E., "Formulas for calculating available potential energy over uneven topography," Tellus, 31, 236-245,1979.

Taylor, K.E., "The roles of mean meridional motions and large-scale eddies in zonally averaged circulations," J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 1-19, 1980.

Tan, A., and K.E. Taylor, "Reply to comments on 'Kinematics of the Free Throw in Basketball'," Am. J. Phys., 50, 945-946, 1982.

Taylor, K.E., "Fourier representations of orbitally induced perturbations in seasonal insolation," in Milankovitch and Climate, edited by A. Berger, J. Imbrie, J. Hays, G. Kukla and B. Saltzman, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Holland, 113-125, 1984.

Taylor, K.E., "A vertical finite-difference scheme for hydrostatic and nonhydrostatic equations," Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 1398-1402, 1984.

Straus, J.M., R.L. Walterscheid, and K.E. Taylor, "The response of the high latitude thermosphere to geomagnetic substorms," Adv. Space Res., 5, 289-292, 1985.

Walterscheid, R.L., L.R. Lyons, and K.E. Taylor, "The perturbed neutral circulation in the vicinity of a symmetric stable aurorae arc," J. Geophys. Res., 90, 12235-12248, 1985.

Taylor, K.E., "An analysis of the biases in traditional cyclone frequency maps," Mon. Wea. Rev., 114, 1481-1490,1986.

Ghan, S.J., J.E. Penner, and K.E. Taylor, "Sulphate aerosols and climate," Nature, 340, 438, 1989.

Cess, R.D., G.L. Potter, J.P. Blanchet, G.J. Boer, S.J. Ghan, J.T. Kiehl, H. Le Treut, Z.-X. Li, X.-Z. Liang, J.F.B. Mitchell, J.-J. Morcrette, D.A. Randall, M.R. Riches, E. Roeckner, U. Schlese, A. Slingo, K.E. Taylor, W.M. Washington, R.T. Wetherald, and I. Yagai, "Interpretation of cloud-climate feedback as produced by 14 atmospheric general circulation models," Science, 245, 513-516, 1989.

Ghan, S.J., K.E. Taylor, J.E. Penner, and D.J. Erickson, "Model test of CCN-cloud albedo climate forcing," Geophys. Res. Letts., 17, 607-610,1990.

Taylor, K.E., and M.C. MacCracken, "Projected effects of increasing C02 and trace gases on climate," in Impact of Carbon Dioxide, Trace Gases, and Climate Change on Global Agriculture, edited by B.A. Kimball, Amer. Soc. of Agronomy Spec. Publ. 53, 1-17, 1990

Cess, R.D., G.L. Potter, J.P. Blanchet, G.J. Boer, A.D. Del Genio, M. Déqué, V. Dymnikov, V. Galin, W.L. Gates, S.J. Ghan, J.T. Kiehl, A.A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, Z.-X. Li, X.-Z. Liang, B.J. McAvaney, V.P. Meleshko, J.F.B. Mitchell, J.-J. Morcrette, D.A. Randall, L. Rikus, E. Roeckner, J.F. Royer, U. Schlese, D.A. Sheinin, A. Slingo, A.P. Sokolov, K.E. Taylor, W.M. Washington, R.T. Wetherald, I. Yagai, and M.-H. Zhang, "Intercomparison and interpretation of climate feedback processes as produced by 19 atmospheric general circulation models," J. Geophys. Res., 95, 16601-16615, 1990.

Foley, J.A., K.E. Taylor, and S.J. Ghan, "Planktonic dimethylsulfide and cloud albedo: An estimate of the feedback response," Climatic Change, 18, 1-15, 1991.

Covey, C., K.E. Taylor, and R.E. Dickinson, "Upper limit for sea ice albedo feedback contribution to global warming," J. Geophys. Res., 96, 9169-9174, 1991.

Cess, R.D., G.L. Potter, M.-H. Zhang, J.-P. Blanchet, S. Chalita, R. Colman, D.A. Dazlich, A.D. Del Genio, V. Dymnikov, V. Galin, D. Jerrett, E. Keup, A.A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, X.-Z. Liang, J.-F. Mahfouf, B.J. McAvaney, V.P. Meleshko, J.F.B. Mitchell, J.-J. Morcrette, P.M. Norris, D.A. Randall, L. Rikus, E. Roeckner, J.-F. Royer, U. Schlese, D.A. Sheinin, J.M. Slingo, A.P. Sokolov, K.E. Taylor, W.M. Washington, R.T. Wetherald, and I. Yagai, "Interpretation of snow-climate feedback as produced by 17 general circulation models," Science, 253, 888-892, 1991.

Randall, D.A., R.D. Cess, J.P. Blanchet, G.J. Boer, D.A. Dazlich, A.D. Del Genio, M. Déqué, V. Dymnikov, V. Galin, S.J. Ghan, A.A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, Z.-X. Li, X.-Z. Liang, B.J. McAvaney, V.P. Meleshko, J.F.B. Mitchell, J.-J. Morcrette, G.L. Potter, L. Rikus, E. Roeckner, J.F. Royer, U. Schlese, D.A. Sheinin, J. Slingo, A.P. Sokolov, K.E. Taylor, W.M. Washington, R.T. Wetherald, I. Yagai, and M.-H. Zhang, "Intercomparison and interpretation of surface energy fluxes in atmospheric general circulation models," J. Geophys. Res., 97, 3711-3724, 1992.

Taylor, K.E., and S.J. Ghan, "An analysis of cloud liquid water feedback and global climate sensitivity in a general circulation model," J. Climate, 5, 907-919, 1992.

Gleckler, P.J., and K.E. Taylor, "The effect of horizontal resolution on ocean surface heat fluxes in the ECMWF Model," Clim. Dyn., 9, 17-32, 1993.

Cess, R.D., M.-H. Zhang, G.L. Potter, H.W. Barker, R.A. Colman, D.A. Dazlich, A.D. Del Genio, M. Esch, J.R. Fraser, V. Galin, W.L. Gates, J.J. Hack, W.J. Ingram, J.T. Kiehl, A.A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, Z.-X. Li, X.-Z. Liang, J.-F. Mahfouf, B.J. McAvaney, V.P. Meleschko, J.-J. Morcrette, D.A. Randall, E. Roeckner, J.-F. Royer, A.P. Sokolov, P.V. Sporyshev, K.E. Taylor, W.-C. Wang, and R.T. Wetherald, "Uncertainties in carbon dioxide radiative forcing in atmospheric general circulation models," Science, 262, 1252-1255, 1993.

Randall, D.A., R.D. Cess, J.P. Blanchet, S. Chalita, R. Colman, D.A. Dazlich, A.D. Del Genio, E. Keup, A. Lacis, H. Le Treut, X.-Z. Liang, B.J. McAvaney, J.F. Mahfouf, V.P. Meleshko, J.-J. Morcrette, P.M. Norris, G.L. Potter, L. Rikus, E. Roeckner, J.F. Royer, U. Schlese, D.A. Sheinin, A.P. Sokolov, K.E. Taylor, R.T. Wetherald, I. Yagai, and M.-H. Zhang, "Analysis of snow feedbacks in 14 general circulation models," J. Geophys. Res., 99, 20757-20771, 1994.

Taylor, K.E. and J.E. Penner, "Response of the climate system to atmospheric aerosols and greenhouse gases," Nature, 369, 734-737, 1994.

Robock, A., K.E. Taylor, G.L. Stenchikov, and Y. Liu, "GCM Evaluation of a Mechanism for El Niño Triggering by the El Chichón Ash Cloud," Geophys. Res. Letts., 22, 2369-2372,1995.

Santer, B.D., K.E. Taylor, T.M.L. Wigley, J.E. Penner, P.D. Jones, and U. Cubasch, "Towards the detection and attribution of an anthropogenic effect on climate," Clim. Dyn., 12, 77-100,1995.

Santer, B.D., K.E. Taylor, T.M.L. Wigley, T.C. Johns, P.D. Jones, D.J. Karoly, J.F.B. Mitchell, A.H. Oort, J.E. Penner, V. Ramaswamy, D. Schwarzkopf, R.J. Stouffer, and S.F.B. Tett, "A search for human influences on the thermal structure of the atmosphere," Nature, 382, 39-46, 1996.

Cess, R.D., M.H. Zhang, W.J. Ingram, G.L. Potter, V. Alekseev, H.W. Barker, E. Cohen-Solal, R.A. Colman, D.A. Dazlich, A.D. Del Genio, M.R. Dix, V. Dymnikov, M. Esch, L.D. Fowler, J.R. Fraser, V. Galin, W.L. Gates, J.J. Hack, J.T. Kiehl, H. Le Treut, K.K.-W. Lo, B.J. McAvaney, V.P. Meleshko, J.-J. Morcrette, D.A. Randall, E. Roeckner, J.-F. Royer, M.E. Schlesinger, P.V. Sporyshev, B. Timbal, E.M. Volodin, K.E. Taylor, W. Wang, and R.T. Wetherald, "Cloud feedback in atmospheric general circulation models: an update," J. Geophys. Res., 101, 12791-12794, 1996.

Chuang, C.C., J.E. Penner, K.E. Taylor, A.S. Grossman, and, J.J. Walton, "An assessment of the radiative effects of anthropogenic sulfate," J. Geophys. Res., 102, 3761-3778,1997.

Cess, R.D., M.H. Zhang, G.L. Potter, V. Alekseev, H.W. Barker, S. Bony, R.A. Colman, D.A. Dazlich, A.D. Del Genio, M. Déqué, M.R. Dix, V. Dymnikov, M. Esch, L.D. Fowler, J.R. Fraser, V. Galin, W.L. Gates, J.J. Hack, W.J. Ingram, J.T. Kiehl, Y. Kim, H. Le Treut, X.-Z. Liang, B.J. McAvaney, V.P. Meleshko, J.-J. Morcrette, D.A. Randall, E. Roeckner, M.E. Schlesinger, P.V. Sporyshev, K.E. Taylor, B. Timbal, E.M. Volodin, W. Wang, W.-C. Wang and R.T. Wetherald, "Comparison of the seasonal change in cloud-radiative forcing from atmospheric general circulation models and satellite observations," J. Geophys. Res., 102, 16593-16603, 1997.

Barnett, T.P., G. Hegerl, B.D. Santer, and K.E. Taylor, "The potential effect of GCM uncertainties and internal atmospheric variability on anthropogenic signal detection," J. Climate, 11, 659-675, 1998.

Wigley, T.M.L., P.J. Jaumann, B.D. Santer, and K.E. Taylor, "Relative detectability of greenhouse-gas and aerosol climate change signals," Clim. Dyn., 14, 781-790, 1998.

Gates, W.L., J.S. Boyle, C. Covey, C.G. Dease, C.M. Doutriaux, R.S. Drach, M. Fiorino, P.J. Gleckler, J.J. Hnilo, S.M. Marlais, T.J. Phillips, G.L. Potter, B.D. Santer, K.R. Sperber, K.E. Taylor, and D.N. Williams, "An overview of the results of the Atmospheric Model Intercornparison Project (AMIP 1)," Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 80, 29-55,1999.

Santer, B.D., J.J. Hnilo, T.M.L. Wigley, J.S. Boyle, C. Doutriaux, M. Fiorino, D.E. Parker, and K.E. Taylor, "Uncertainties in observationally based estimates of temperature change in the free atmosphere," J. Geophys. Res., 104, 6305-6333, 1999.

Joussaume, S., K.E. Taylor, P. Braconnot, J.F.B. Mitchell, J.E. Kutzbach, S.P. Harrison, I.C. Prentice, A.J. Broccoli, A. Abe-Ouchi, P.J. Bartlein, C. Bonfils, B. Dong, J. Guiot, K. Herterich, C.D. Hewitt, D. Jolly, J.W. Kim, A. Kislov, A. Kitoh, M.F. Loutre, V. Masson, B. McAvaney, N. McFarlane, N. De Noblet, W.R. Peltier, J.Y. Peterschmitt, D. Pollard, D. Rind, J.F. Royer, M.E. Schlesinger, J. Syktus, S. Thompson, P. Valdes, G. Vettoretti, R.S. Webb, and U. Wyputta, "Monsoon changes for 6000 years ago: Results of 18 simulations from the Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP)," Geophys. Res. Letts., 26, 859-862, 1999.

Santer, B.D., T.M.L. Wigley, J.S. Boyle, D.J. Gaffen, J.3. Hnilo, D. Nychka, D.E. Parker, and K.E. Taylor, "Statistical significance of trends and trend differences in layer-average temperature time series," J. Geophys. Res., 105, 7337-7356, 2000.

Santer, B.D., T.M.L. Wigley, D.J. Gaffen, L. Bengtsson, C. Doutriaux, J.S. Boyle, M. Esch, J.J. Huilo, P.D. Jones, G.A. Meehl, E. Roeckner, K.E. Taylor, and M.F. Wehner, "Interpreting differential temperature trends at the surface and in the lower troposphere," Science, 287, 1227-1232, 2000.

Wigley, T.M.L., B.D. Santer, and K.E. Taylor, “Correlation approaches to detection,” Geophys. Res. Letts., 27, 2973-2976, 2000.

Taylor, K.E., "Summarizing multiple aspects of model performance in a single diagram," J. Geophys. Res., 106, 7183-7192, 2001.

Blackmon, M., B. Boville,F. Bryan, R. Dickinson, P. Gent, J. Kiehl, R. Moritz, D. Randall, J. Shukla, S. Solomon, G. Bonan, S. Doney, I. Fung, J. Hack, E. Hunke, J. Hurrell, J. Kutzbach, J. Meehl, B. Otto-Bliesner, R. Saraanan, E.K. Schneider, L. Sloan, M. Spall, K. Taylor, J. Tribbia, W. Washington, "The Community Climate System Model,"  Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 82, 2357-2376, 2001.

Govindasamy, B., K.E. Taylor, P.B. Duffy, B.D. Santer, A.S. Grossman, and K.E. Grant, "Limitations of the equivalent C02 approximation in climate change simulations," J. Geophys. Res., 106, 22593-22603, 2001.

Santer, B.D., T.M.L. Wigley, C. Doutriaux, J.S. Boyle, J.E. Hansen, P.D. Jones, G.A. Meehl, E. Roeckner, S. Sengupta, and K.E. Taylor, "Accounting for the effects of volcanoes and ENSO in comparisons of modeled and observed temperature trends," J. Geophys. Res., 106, 28033-28059, 2001.

Dickinson, R.E., S.E. Zebiak, J.L. Anderson, M.L. Blackmon, C. De Luca, T.F. Hogan, M. Iredell, M. Ji, R.B. Rood, M.J. Suarez, and K.E. Taylor, "How can we advance our weather and climate models as a community?" Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 83 431-434, 2002.

Santer, B.D., R. Sausen, T.M.L. Wigley, J.S. Boyle, K. AchutaRao, C. Doutriaux, J.E. Hansen G.A. Meehl, E. Roeckner, R. Ruedy, G. Schmidt, and K.E. Taylor, "Behavior of tropopause height and atmospheric temperature in models, reanalyses, and observations: Decadal changes," J. Geophys. Res., 108(D1), 4002 (22 pp), 2003.

Covey, C., K.M. AchutaRao, U. Cubasch, P. Jones, S.J. Lambert, M.E. Mann, T.J. Phillips, and K.E. Taylor, "An overview of results from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP)," Global and Planetary Change, 37, 103-133, 2003.

Santer, B.D., T.M.L. Wigley, G.A. Meehl, M.F. Wehner, C. Mears, M. Schabel, F.J. Wentz, C. Ammann, J. Arblaster, T. Bettge, W.M. Washington, K.E. Taylor, J.S. Boyle, W. Brüggemann, and C. Doutriaux, "Influence of satellite data uncertainties on the detection of externally forced climate change," Science, 300, 1280-1284, 2003.

Santer, B.D., M.F. Wehner, T.M.L. Wigley, R. Sausen, G.A. Meehl, K.E. Taylor, C. Ammann, J. Arblaster, W.M. Washington,  J.S. Boyle,  and W. Brüggemann, "Contributions of anthropogenic and natural forcing to recent tropopause height changes," Science, 301, 479-483, 2003.

Duffy, P.B., B. Govindasamy, J.P. Iorio, J. Milovich, K.R. Sperber, K.E. Taylor, M.F. Wehner, and S.L. Thompson, "High resolution simulations of global climate, part 1: present climate,"  Clim. Dyn., 21, 371-390, 2003.

Covey, C.,  K. M. AchutaRao, P. J. Gleckler, T. J. Phillips, K. E. Taylor, M. F. Wehner, "Coupled ocean-atmosphere climate simulations compared with simulations using prescribed sea surface temperature: effect of a 'perfect ocean',"  Global and Planetary Change, 41, 1-14, 2004.

Santer, B.D., M.F. Wehner, T.M.L. Wigley, R. Sausen, G.A. Meehl, K.E. Taylor, C. Ammann, J. Arblaster, W.M. Washington, J.S. Boyle, and W.  Brüggemann, "Response to comment on 'Contributions of anthropogenic and natural forcing to recent tropopause height changes',". Science, 303, 1771c (2 pp), 2004.

Santer, B.D., T.M.L. Wigley, A.J. Simmons, P. Kållberg, G.A. Kelly, S. M. Uppala, C. Ammann, J.S. Boyle, W. Brüggemann, C. Doutriaux, M. Fiorino, C. Mears, G.A. Meehl, R. Sausen, K.E. Taylor, W.M. Washington, M.F. Wehner, F.J. Wentz, "Identification of anthropogenic climate change using a second-generation reanalysis,"  J. Geophys. Res., 109(D2), 1104 (19 pp), 2004.

Coquard, J., P.B. Duffy, K.E. Taylor, and J.P. Iorio, "Present and future surface climate in the western USA as simulated by 15 global climate models,"  Clim. Dyn., 23, 455-472, 2004.

The International ad hoc Detection and Attribution Group (T.P. Barnett, T.J.Crowley, K. Hasselmann, G. Hegerl, P.D. Jones, B.D. Santer, R. Schnur, and K.E. Taylor), "Detecting and attributing external influences on the climate system: A review of recent advances,"  J. Climate,  18, 1291-1314, 2005.

Santer, B.D., T.M.L. Wigley, C. Mears, F.J. Wentz, S.A. Klein, D.J. Seidel, K.E. Taylor, P.W. Thorne, M.F. Wehner, P.J. Gleckler, J.S. Boyle, W. Collins, K.W. Dixon, C. Doutriaux, M. Free, Q. Fu, J.E. Hansen, G.S. Jones, R. Ruedy, T.R. Karl, J.R. Lanzante, G.A. Meehl, V. Ramaswamy, G. Russell, and G.A. Schmidt, "Amplification of surface temperature trends and variability in the tropical atmosphere," Science, 309, 1551-1556, 2005.

Wigley, T.M.L., C.M. Ammann, B.D. Santer, and K.E. Taylor, "Comment on 'Climate forcing by the volcanic eruption of Mount Pinatubo' by David H. Douglass and Robert S. Knox,"  Geophy. Res. Letts., 32, L20709 (2 pp), 2005.

Gleckler, P.J., T.M.L. Wigley, B.D. Santer, J.M. Gregory, K AchutaRao, and K.E. Taylor, "Krakatoa's signature persists in the ocean," Nature, 439, 675, 2006. 

Webb, M.J., C.A. Senior, D.M.H. Sexton, W.J. Ingram, K.D. Williams, M.A. Ringer, B.J. McAvaney, R. Colman, B.J. Soden, R. Gudgel, T. Knutson, S. Emori, T. Ogura, Y. Tsushima, N. Andronova, B. Li, I. Musat, S. Bony, K.E. Taylor, "On the contribution of local feedback mechanisms to the range of climate sensitivity in two GCM ensembles," Clim. Dyn., 27, 17-38, 2006.

Phillips, T.J., K. AchutaRao, D. Bader, C. Covey, C.M. Doutriaux, M. Fiorino, P.J. Gleckler, K.R. Sperber, and K.E. Taylor: “Coupled climate model appraisal: A benchmark for future studies,” EOS Trans. AGU, 87, pp. 185, 191-192, 2006.

AchutaRao, K.M.,  B.D. Santer, P.J. Gleckler, K.E. Taylor, D.W. Pierce, T.P. Barnett, and T.M.L. Wigley, "Variability of ocean heat uptake: Reconciling observations and models," J. Geophys. Res., 111, C05019 (20 pp), 2006.

Forster, P.M., and K.E. Taylor, "Climate forcings and climate sensitivities diagnosed from coupled climate model integrations," J. Climate, 19, 6181-6194, 2006.

Gleckler, P.J., K AchutaRao, J.M. Gregory, B.D. Santer, K.E. Taylor, and T.M.L. Wigley, "Krakatoa lives: The effect of volcanic eruptions on ocean heat content and thermal expansion," Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L17702, doi:10.1029/2006GL026771, 2006.

Santer, B.D., T.M.L. Wigley, P.J. Gleckler, C. Bonfils, M.F. Wehner, K. AchutaRao, T.P. Barnett, J.S. Boyle, W. Brüggemann, M. Fiorino, N. Gillett, J.E. Hansen, P.D. Jones, S.A. Klein, G.A. Meehl, S.C.B. Raper, R.W. Reynolds, K.E.  Taylor, and W.M. Washington, "Forced and unforced ocean temperature changes in Atlantic and Pacific cyclogenisis regions," Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 103, 13905-13910, doi:10.1073/pnas.0602861103, 2006.

Phillips, T., K. AchutaRao, D. Bader, C. Covey, P. Gleckler, K. Sperber, and K. Taylor, "On the validity of climate models", EOS Trans. AGU, 88, 121, 2007.

Taylor, K.E., M. Crucifix, P. Braconnot, C.D. Hewitt, C. Doutriaux, A.J. Broccoli, J.F.B. Mitchell, and M.J. Webb, "Estimating shortwave radiative forcing and response in climate models,J. Climate, 11, 2530-2543, doi: 10.1175/JCLI4143.1, 2007.

AchutaRao, K.M., M. Ishii, B.D. Santer, P.J. Gleckler, K.E. Taylor, T.P. Barnett, D.W. Pierce, R.J. Stouffer, and T.M.L. Wigley, "Simulated and observed variability in ocean temperature and heat content," Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 104, 10768-10773, doi:10.1073/pnas.0611375104, 2007.

Meehl, G.A., C. Covey, T. Delworth, M. Latif, B. McAvaney, J.F.B. Mitchell, R.J. Stouffer, and K.E. Taylor, "The WCRP CMIP3 multimodel dataset: A new era in climate change research," Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 88, 1383-1394, doi:10.1175/BAMS-88-9-1383, 2007.

Santer, B.D., C.A. Mears, F.J. Wentz, K.E. Taylor, P.J. Gleckler, T.M.L. Wigley, T.P. Barnett, J.S. Boyle, W. Brüggemann, N.P. Gillett, S.A. Klein, G.A. Meehl, T. Nozawa, D.W. Pierce, P.A. Stott, W.M. Washington, and M.F. Wehner, "Identification of human-induced changes in atmospheric moisture content.” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci,. 104, 15248-15253, doi:10.1073/pnas.0702872104, 2007.

Mears, C.A., B.D. Santer, F.J. Wentz, K.E. Taylor, and M.F. Wehner, "The relationship between temperature and precipitable water over tropical oceans.” Geophys. Res. Letts., 34, L24709, doi:10.1029/2007GL031936, 2007.

Gleckler, P.J., K.E. Taylor, and C. Doutriaux, "Performance metrics for climate models." J. Geophys. Res., 113, D06104, doi:10.1029/2007JD008972, 2008.

Bala, G., P. B. Duffy and K. E. Taylor, "Impact of geoengineering schemes on the global hydrological cycle." Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 105, 7664-7669, doi:10.1073/pnas.0711648105, 2008.

Pincus, R., C.P. Batstone, R.J. Patrick Hofmann, K.E. Taylor, and P.J. Gleckler, “Evaluating the present-day simulation of clouds, precipitation, and radiation in climate models.J. Geophys. Res., 113, doi:10.1029/2007JD009334, 2008.

Santer, B.D., P.W. Thorne, L. Haimberger, K.E. Taylor, T.M.L. Wigley, J.R. Lanzante, S. Solomon, M. Free, P.J. Gleckler, P.D. Jones, T.R. Karl, S.A. Klein, C. Mears, D. Nychka, G.A. Schmidt, S.C. Sherwood, and F.J. Wentz, “Consistency of modelled and observed temperature trends in the tropical troposphere.Int. J. Climatol., 28, 1703-1722, doi:10.1002/joc.1756, 2008.

Santer, B.D., K.E. Taylor, P.J. Gleckler, C. Bonfils, T.P. Barnett, D.W. Pierce, T.M.L. Wigley, C. Mears, F.J. Wentz, W. Brüggemann, N.P. Gillett, S.A. Klein, S. Solomon, P.A. Stott, and M.F. Wehner, “Incorporating model quality information in climate change detection and attribution studies.” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 106, 14778-14783, doi:10.1073/pnas.0901736106, 2009.

Kravitz, B., A. Robock, O. Boucher, H. Schmidt, K.E. Taylor, G. Stenchikov, and M. Schulz, “The Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP).” Atmos. Sci. Letts., 12, 162–167, doi:10.1002/asl.316, 2011.

Santer, B.D., C. Mears, C. Doutriaux, P.J. Gleckler, S. Solomon, T.M.L. Wigley, N.P. Gillett, D. Ivanova, T.R. Karl, J.R. Lanzante, G.A. Meehl, P.A. Stott, K.E. Taylor, P.W. Thorne, M.F. Wehner, and F.J. Wentz: “Separating signal and noise in atmospheric temperature changes: The importance of timescale.”  J. Geophys. Res., 116, doi:10.1029/2011JD016263, 2011.

Taylor, K.E., R.J. Stouffer, G.A. Meehl, “An overview of CMIP5 and the experiment design.” Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 93, 485-498, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00094.1, 2012.

Gleckler, P.J., B.D. Santer, C.M. Domingues, D.W. Pierce, T.P. Barnett, J.A. Church, K.E. Taylor, K.M. AchutaRao, T.P. Boyer, M. Ishii, and P.M. Caldwell, “Human-induced global ocean warming on multidecadal timescales.” Nature Climate Change, 2, 524-529, doi:10.1038/nclimate1553, 2012. 

Andrews, T., J. M. Gregory, M. J. Webb, and K. E. Taylor, “Forcing, feedbacks and climate sensitivity in CMIP5 coupled atmosphere-ocean climate models.” Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L09712, doi:10.1029/2012GL051607, 2012.

Santer, B.D.,  J.F. Painter, C.A. Mears, C. Doutriaux, P. Caldwell, J.M. Arblaster, P.J. Cameron-Smith, N.P. Gillett, P.J. Gleckler, J. Lanzante, J. Perlwitz, S. Solomon, P.A. Stott, K.E. Taylor, L. Terray, P.W. Thorne, M.F. Wehner, F.J. Wentz, T.M.L. Wigley, L.J. Wilcox, and C.-Z. Zou, “Identifying human influences on atmospheric temperature.” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 110, 26-33, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1210514109, 2012.

Guilyardi E., V. Balaji, B. Lawrence, S. Callaghan, C. DeLuca, S. Denvil, M. Lautenschlager,  M. Morgan, S. Murphy, K.E. Taylor and the METAFOR team, “Documenting climate models and their simulations.”  Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 94, 623-627, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00035.1, 2013.

Zelinka, M.D.,  S.A. Klein, K.E. Taylor, T. Andrews, M.J. Webb, J.M. Gregory, and P.M. Forster, “Contributions of different cloud types to feedbacks and rapid adjustments in CMIP5.”  J. Climate, 26, 5007-5027, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00555.1, 2013. 

Marvel, K., D. Ivanova, and K. E. Taylor: “Scale space methods for climate model analysis.” J. Geophys. Res., 188, 5082-5097, doi: 10.1002/jgrd.50433, 2013.

Santer, B.D., J. Painter, C. Bonfils, C. Mears, S. Solomon, T.M.L. Wigley, P.J. Gleckler, G.A. Schmidt, C. Doutriaux, N.P. Gillett, K.E. Taylor, P.W. Thorne, and F.J. Wentz, “Human and natural influences on the changing thermal structure of the atmosphere.” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 110, 17235-17240, doi:10.1073/pnas.1305332110, 2013.

Santer, B.D., C. Bonfils, J.F. Painter, M. Zelinka, C. Mears, S. Solomon, G.A. Schmidt, J.C. Fyfe, J.N.S. Cole, L. Nazaenko, K.E. Taylor, and F.J. Wentz, “Volcanic contribution to decadal changes in tropospheric temperature.” Nature Geoscience, 7, 185-189, doi:10.1038/ngeo2098, 2014.

Meehl, G.A., R. Moss, K.E. Taylor, V. Eyring, R.J. Stouffer, S. Bony, and B. Stevens, “Climate model intercomparisons: Preparing for the next phase.”  EOS Trans. AGU, 95, doi:10.1002/2014EO090001 2014.

Zelinka, M.D., T. Andrews, P.M. Forster, and K.E. Taylor: “Quantifying components of aerosol-cloud-radiation interactions in climate models, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 7599-7615, doi: 10.1002/2014JD021710, 2014.

Durack, P.J., P.J. Gleckler, F.W. Landerer, and K.E. Taylor: “Quantifying underestimates of long-term upper-ocean warming”, Nature Climate Change, 4, 999–1005, doi:10.1038/NCLIMATE2389, 2014.

Marvel, K., M. D. Zelinka, S. A. Klein, C. Bonfils, P. Caldwell, C. Doutriaux, B. D. Santer, and K. E. Taylor, “External influences on modeled and observed cloud trends”, J. Clim., early online release, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00734.1, 2015.

 

 

Book Chapters, Reports, and Other Selected Publications

Taylor, K.E., "Climate models for the study of paleoclimates," in Long-Term Climatic Variations: Data and Modelling, edited by Jean-Claude Duplessy and Marie-Therese Spyridakis, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 21-41, 1994.

Joussaume, S. and K.E. Taylor, "Status of the Paleoclimate Modeling Intercomparison Project (PMIP)," Proceedings of the First International AMIP Scientific Conference, Monterey, CA, 15-19 May 1995, WCRP 92, WMO/TD-No. 732, 532 pp.

B.D. Santer, K.E. Taylor, and L. Corsetti, "Statistical Evaluation of AMIP Model Performance," Proceedings of the First International AMIP Scientific Conference, Monterey, CA, 15-19 May 1995, WCRP 92, WMO/TD-No. 732, 532 pp.

Contributing author, "Chapters 5, 6, and 8," in Climate Change 1995: The IPCC Scientific Assessment (Working Group 1), edited by J.T. Houghton and B.A. Callander, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England, 229-358, 407-444, 1996.

Taylor, K.E., "EzGet: A library of fortran subroutines to facilitate data retrieval," PCMDI Report No. 34 (or abstract) and UCRL-ID- 123716, 72 pp., 1996.

Santer, B.D., J.S. Boyle, D.E. Parker, K.E. Taylor, T.M.L. Wigley, T.C. Johns, P.D. Jones, D.J. Karoly, J.F.B. Mitchell, A.H. Oort, J.E. Penner, V. Ramaswamy, D. Schwarzkopf, R.J. Stouffer, S.F.B. Tett, "Human effect on global climate?," Nature, 384, 524, 1996.

Penner, J.E., T.M.L. Wigley, P. Jauman, B.D. Santer, and K.E. Taylor, "Anthropogenic aerosols and climate change: A method for calibrating forcing," in Communicating About Climate: the Story of the Model Evaluation Consortium for Climate Assessment, edited by W. Howe and A. Henderson-Sellers, Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 91-111, 1997.

Climate Research Committee: Capacity of U.S. Climate Modeling to Support Climate Change Assessment Activities, National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 65 pp., 1998.

Climate Research Committee Adequacy of Climate Observing Systems, National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 51 pp., 1999.

Joussaume, S., and K.E. Taylor, "Modeling extreme climates of the past : What we have learned from PMIP and related experiments," A Joint Newsletter of PAGES, Vol. 8, No. 1  and CLIVAR Exchanges 15, pp. 18-19, March, 2000.

Joussaume, S., and K.E. Taylor, P. Braconnot, and A. de Vernal, "Conclusions of Third PMIP Workshop," in PMIP, 2000: Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP). Proceedings of the Third PMIP Workshop, Canada, 4-8 October 1999, Edited by P. Braconnot WCRP Report WCRP-111, WMO/TD-No. 1007, pp. 7-8, May, 2000.

Joussaume, S., and K.E. Taylor, "The Paleoclimate Modeling Intercomparison Project," in PMIP, 2000: Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP).  Proceedings of the Third PMIP Workshop, Canada, 4-8 October 1999, Edited by P. Braconnot WCRP Report WCRP-111, WMO/TD-No. 1007, pp. 9-24, May, 2000.

Taylor, K.E., C.D. Hewitt, P. Braconnot, A.J. Broccoli, C. Doutriaux, J.F.B. Mitchell, "Analysis of forcing, response and feedbacks in a paleoclimate modeling experiment," in PMIP, 2000: Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP).  Proceedings of the Third PMIP Workshop, Canada, 4-8 October 1999, Edited by P. Braconnot WCRP Report WCRP-111, WMO/TD-No. 1007, pp. 43-49, May, 2000.

Taylor, K.E. and C. Doutriaux, "An objective method for generating land/sea masks for use in GCM simulations," 16 pp., PCMDI Report No. 58 (or abstract) and UCRL-MI-127096, 2000.

Taylor, K.E., D. Williamson, and F. Zwiers, "The sea surface temperature and sea-ice concentration boundary conditions for AMIP 11 simulations," 25 pp., PCMDI Report No. 60 (or abstract) and UCRL-MI-125597, 2000.

Covey, C., K.M. AchutaRao, S.J. Lambert, and K.E. Taylor, "Intercomparison of present and future climates simulated by coupled ocean-atmosphere GCMS," 48 pp., PCMDI Report No. 66 (or abstract) and UCRL-ID-140325, 2000.

Contributing author, "Chapter 5 and Chapter 8," in Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contributions of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by Houghton, J.T., Y. Ding, D.J. Griggs, M. Noguer, P.J. van der Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell, and C.A. Johnson, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 289-348, 471-524, 2001.

Covey, C., K.M. AchutaRao, M. Fiorino, P.J. Gleckler, K.E. Taylor, and M.F. Wehner, "Intercomparison of climate data sets as a measure of observational uncertainty," 35 pp., PCMDI Report No. 69 (or abstract) and UCRL-ID-147371, 2002.

Eaton, B., J. Gregory, B. Drach, K. Taylor, and S. Hankin: "NetCDF climate and forecast (CF) metadata conventions," 60 pp., 2003. Santer, B.D., T.M.L. Wigley, G.A. Meehl, M.F. Wehner, C. Mears, M. Schabel, F.J. Wentz, C. Ammann, J. Arblaster, T. Bettge, W.M. Washington, K.E. Taylor, J.S. Boyle, W. Brüggemann, and C. Doutriaux, "Reliability of satellite data sets - Response,"  Science, 301, 1047-1049, 2003.

Braconnot, P., S. Joussaume, S. Harrison, C. Hewitt, P. Valdes, G. Ramstein, R.J. Stouffer, B. Otto-Bliesner, and K.E. Taylor, "The second phase of the Paleoclimate Modeling Intercomparison Project (PMIP-II)," CLIVAR Exchanges, No. 28 (Vol. 8, No. 4) pp. 19-20, December, 2003.

Taylor, K.E., C. Doutriaux, and J.-Y. Peterschmitt, "Climate model output rewriter (CMOR)," 30 pp., 2004.

AchutaRao, K., C. Covey, C. Doutriaux, M. Fiorino, P. Gleckler, T. Phillips, K. Sperber, K. Taylor, "An appraisal of coupled climate model simulations," D. Bader, editor, 197 pp., UCRL-TR-202550, 2004.

Taylor, K.E., P.J. Gleckler, and C. Doutriaux, "Tracking changes in the performance of AMIP models, " in The Second Phase of the Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP2): Toward Innovative Model Diagnostics(also as pdf file), Edited by P.J. Gleckler, 261 pp., UCRL-PROC-209115, 2004.

Taylor, K.E., "Requirements for IPCC standard output contributed to the PCMDI archive" (also as pdf file), 25 pp., 2005.

Taylor, K.E., C. Covey, K. AchutaRao, M Fiorino, P.J. Gleckler, T.J. Phillips, and K.R. Sperber, "IPCC standard output from coupled ocean-atmosphere GCMs" (also as pdf file), 33 pp., 2005.

Taylor, K.E., "Important information for analysts," 4 pp., 2005.

Lawrence, B.N., R. Drach, B.E. Eaton, J.M. Gregory, S.C. Hankin, R.K. Lowry, R.K. Rew, and K.E. Taylor, "Maintaining and advancing the CF standard for Earth system science community data: A White Paper for CF governance," 10 pp., 2005.

Kinter, J.L., and K.E. Taylor, "Data issues for WCRP weather and climate modeling," A White Paper based on presentations at the First Session of the WCRP modeling Panel, 6 pp., 2005.

Taylor, K.E., "IPCC model output availability summary" (also as pdf file), 10 pp., 2006.

Taylor, K.E., "Summary of time correspondence between IPCC control and perturbation experiments" (also as pdf file), 66 pp., 2006.

Lead author, Chapter 8 and Contributing Author to Chapters 1 and 10," of Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Working Group I Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report, [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller, eds.] Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 996 pp., 2007.

Gleckler, P.J., M. Miller, J.J. Hack, D.C. Bader, K.R. Sperber, and K.E. Taylor, "Workshop summary of the 3rd WGNE Workshop on Systematic Errors in Climate and NWP Models", 8 pp., 2007.

PMIP Steering Committee, “Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project: Scientific issues and implementation plan,” 8 pp., 2008.

Joussaume, S., P. Braconnot, S. Harrison, A. Abe-Ouchi, P. Bartlein, P. Friedlingstein, C. Hewitt, B. Otto-Bliesner, G. Ramstein, R. Stouffer, K. Taylor, R. Thompson, and P. Valdes, “Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison project flyer,” 2 pp., 2008.

Taylor, K.E., “CMOR2 Design Requirements,” 9 pp., unpublished, 2008.

Taylor, K.E., R.J. Stouffer, and G.A. Meehl, “A summary of CMIP5 experiment design,” 30 pp., draft, 2009.

Griffies, S. M., A. J. Adcroft, H. Aiki, V. Balaji, M. Bentson, F. Bryan, G. Danabasoglu, S. Denvil, H. Drange, M. England, J. Gregory, R. W. Hallberg, S. Legg, T. Martin, T. McDougall, A.Pirani, G. Schmidt, D. Stevens, K. E. Taylor, and H. Tsujino, 2009: Sampling physical ocean fields in WCRP CMIP5 simulations. ICPO Publication Series 137, WCRP Informal Report No. 3/2009.

Williams D., K.E. Taylor, B. Lawrence, and M. Lautenschlager, “How will CMIP5 model output be archived and served?” 5 pp., 2009.

Taylor, K.E., “CMIP5 requested model output”, 167 pp., 2009.

Taylor, K.E., V. Balaji, S. Hankin, M. Juckes, and B. Lawrence, “CMIP5 Data Reference Syntax (DRS) and controlled vocabularies,” 13 pp., 2010.

Taylor, K.E., and C. Doutriaux, “CMIP5 model output requirements: File contents and format, data structure and metadata”, 34 pp., 2010.

Doutriaux, C., and K.E. Taylor, “Climate Model Output Rewriter (CMOR2) user’s guide”, 79 pp., 2010.

Taylor, K.E., “Getting started: A guide for modeling groups participating in CMIP5”, 2 pp., 2010.

Taylor, K.E., “Getting started tutorial for users seeking CMIP5 model output”, 8 pp., 2011.

Stouffer, R.J, K.E. Taylor and G.A. Meehl: CMIP5 long-term experimental design. CLIVAR Exchanges Newsletter, No. 56, International CLIVAR Office, Southampton, United Kingdom, 5-7, 2011.

Boucher, O., Marc Collier, Jean-Louis Dufresne, P. Forster, J. Haywood, S. Jeffrey, A. Jones, U. Lohmann, P.  Rasch, L. Rotstayn, B. Stevens, K. Taylor, K. von Salzen: Climate response to aerosol forcings in CMIP5. CLIVAR Exchanges Newsletter, No. 56, International CLIVAR Office, Southampton, United Kingdom, 25-27, 2011.

Williams, D.N., K.E. Taylor, L. Cinquini, B. Evans, M. Kawamiya, M. Lautenschlager, B.N. Lawrence, D.E. Middleton, and the ESGF contributors: The Earth System Grid Federation: Software framework supporting CMIP5 data analysis and dissemination.  CLIVAR Exchanges Newsletter, No. 56, International CLIVAR Office, Southampton, United Kingdom, 40-42, 2011.

Santer, B.D., T.M.L. Wigley, and K.E. Taylor: The reproducibility of observational estimates of surface and atmospheric temperature change. Science, 334, 1232, doi: 10.1126/science.1216273, 2011.

Review Editor, Chapter 12 and Annex I of Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change[Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner,M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 1029–1136, doi:10.1017/CBO9781107415324.024 (Chapter 12) and doi:10.1017/CBO9781107415324.029 (Annex I).

Griffies, S. M., A. J. Adcroft, V. Balaji, G. Danabasoglu, P. J. Durack, P. J. Gleckler, J. M. Gregory,  J.P. Krasting, T. J. McDougall, R. J. Stouffer, and K. E. Taylor:  Sampling the Physical Ocean in CMIP6 Simulations, WCRP Publication Number (TBD), 66 pages. Version 1.0 from November 25, 2014.

Ferraro, R., D. Waliser, P.J. Gleckler, K.E. Taylor, and V. Eyring:  Evolving obs4MIPs to support the Sixth Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6), Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., early online release, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00216.1, 2015.


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